Archived entries for News

San Francisco Looks To Expand Bag Ordinance.

On Tuesday, San Francisco’s City Operations and Neighborhood Services Committee voted 3-0 to approve San Francisco’s proposed expanded plastic bag ordinance.  Committee approval means that the ordinance may now be voted on by the full Board of Supervisors, which is expected in early December.  The new ordinance would apply to all retailers and restaurants and includes a ban on plastic bags and a 10-cent minimum charge on all paper and reusable bags provided at the register, which increases to 25 cents one year after implementation.   The charge on reusable bags in addition to paper bags is particularly important so that no bags are given away for free at checkout.

As mentioned in a previous post, in 2007, San Francisco became the first city in the US to adopt a plastic bag ban.  San Francisco’s ban currently only applies to supermarkets and large pharmacies.  This is referred to as a “first generation” ordinance because it only addresses plastic bags.  More recently, “second generation” ordinances that include a charge on paper bags have become standard in California.  In 2010, Supervisor Mirkarimi introduced an expanded “second generation” ordinance, but that was tabled pending resolution of lawsuits in other cities regarding what type of review was required under the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA).  CEQA has been used as a tool by plastics industry groups in California to delay or overturn plastic bag ordinances by filing lawsuits against cities demanding that expensive Environmental Impact Reports (EIR) are required.

In July of this year, the California Supreme Court ruled on the Manhattan Beach case, finding that Manhattan Beach’s negative declaration was sufficient and that an EIR was not necessary.  In September of this year, the Marin County Superior Court found that a categorical exemption was applicable to Marin’s ordinance.  Part of the reason that Marin’s ordinance qualified for a categorical exemption was because it is a second generation ordinance that addresses paper as well as plastic by banning plastic bags and requiring a minimum 5-cent charge for paper bags.  In the wake of these decisions, San Francisco made the decision to move forward with its expanded ordinance using a categorical exemption.

On November 1, 2011, Supervisor Mirkarimi re-introduced the revised expanded ordinance and the City Operations and Neighborhood Services Committee hearing soon followed.

At the hearing, the San Francisco Chamber of Commerce spoke in support and made clear that the current version of the ordinance (that included minor amendments introduced at the Committee hearing) was a product of outreach to the business community over the previous week.  The small amendments made to the ordinance based on input from the business community go to show that outreach to businesses is important and that sometimes it can just be a matter of making sure that businesses understand the details of the ordinance and other times making minor to address particular issues.

For example, the most recent revisions to San Francisco’s ordinance include a clarification that garment bags may qualify as reusable bag even if they do not have handles, an exemption from the checkout bag charge for left-over food eaten at a sit down restaurant, and refinements to the reusable bags standard. Through reaching out to local business groups and determining what the issues were and how the issues could be addressed, San Francisco was able to produce a strong ordinance with broad support.

At the hearing, Save the Plastic Bag Coalition (SPBC), an association composed primarily of plastic bag manufacturers that have sued or threatened to sue almost every California city that has formally considered adopting a plastic bag ordinance, filed objections.   SPBC was the only group that spoke in opposition to the ordinance.

The ordinance is expected to be heard before the full Board of Supervisors in early December.

– Jennie R. Romer, Esq., Founder & Director, plasticbaglaws [dot] org

It is time to BAN all Plastic Bags San Francisco!

IMPORTANT. On next Monday, November 14, 2011 at 10AM, the San Francisco Board of Supervisors’ City Operations and Neighborhood Services committee will consider an expansion of the existing San Francisco Plastic Bag Reduction Ordinance that banned single-use plastic bags in large grocery stores and pharmacies in 2007. The expansion would ultimately ban single-use plastic bags in all retailers and restaurants in the City of San Francisco and place a 10-cent charge on paper bags. The efforts would further encourage the use of reusable bags and supports San Francisco’s goal of achieving zero waste by 2020.

For understanding the evolution of common sense policies on plastic waste reduction,  the San Francisco case study is exceptionally important.  Many municipalities have enacted plastic bag bans without addressing paper or smaller retailers.  Often, though, the people and city officials have the will to act, it can be politically challenging to impose a fee as industry goons will spend heavily to defeat the measure with ‘anti-tax’ strategies.  Activists are ahead of the game on this, however, looking to enact a ban policy first, then revisit it in a year’s time or so,  in order to make the policy more effective at curbing the use of disposables.  San Francisco is at the forefront of players employing this strategy— watch how it unfolds, it’s destined to set precedent within the anti-single use plastics movement.

Please support the efforts by signing and sharing the following SF Surfrider Action Alert: here.

Carolynn Box, SF Surfrider


My, my, it’s getting nearly impossible to keep track of how many ban the bag ordinances are popping up all over the United States or the world, for that matter.  Everyday here at BTB BLOG HQ, I’m told of yet another initiative and consequently, yet another lawsuit filed by the ACC or one of it’s derivatives is trying to unpack the progress we as a society are beginning to make.  For all the slings and arrows we face as activists, all I can say is this people, ‘keep on keep it on.’ To date, 25% of the world has enacted policy to reduce or eliminate plastic bag consumption.  A decade ago, that number was zero.  So hey, if you get frustrated, just remember, every action you make contributes to the movement, and even if you lose your own effort, know that you’re paving the way for another to clench victory.  We’re all in this together and we all subscribe to the belief that shifting to sustainable behaviors is the only hope we got of keeping this planet a place where we can live.

Idaho: I believe the children are our future.

Ban The Bag Blog contributor, Jennie Romer, wrote this fabulous piece on her site,  Here’s and excerpt that should be inspiring:

W.A.T.E.R. (We Appreciate the Earth’s Resources) – a high school club aimed at raising awareness of environmental issues – gathered enough signatures to get a plastic bag ordinance on the November 8th ballot in the City of Hailey, Idaho.”

Okay, these are HIGH SCHOOL KIDS. If they can do it, so can YOU.  Jennie is going to write later this week on how it all turned out in Idaho.


Well, down in Newport, Oregon, (home to NOAA by the way) a couple of city council members there have turned coat on what looked like a slam dunk for The Ban The Bag movement. What’s weird is that two council members flipped their vote to go forward with an ordinance stating reasons, the veracity of which, is in question. I obtained this letter from Charlie Plybon, Oregon Field Coordinator for The Surfrider Foundation, making a public records request for letters referenced that have apparently changed the councilmen’s minds.  I SMELL A RAT!  Here’s the situation, and it’s relevant to YOU, and your MOVEMENT, because it teaches you how TO FIGHT BACK:

At Issue:

Council member Dean Sawyer, backed by council member David Allen led the way to repeal the Oct 17th motion to draft an ordinance to ban plastic bags in Newport.  Over 40 supporters of a ban on plastic bags showed up last night and showed support yet again. In addition, 40 people emailed the city council yesterday supporting a ban on plastic bags, only 1 letter was opposed. So why is the city council not listening to the public, how did we get here? If you are puzzled, you’re not the only one. Please ask city council members Dean Sawyer,David AllenJeff Bertuleit, and Richard Beemer who they are representing and why they have decided not to listen to you (or email the city Now is a great time for letters to the editor at Newport News times (

Below, IS WHAT DEMOCRACY LOOKS LIKE, a letter from Charlie Plybon:

“At the city council meeting tonight several statements were made and letters/discussions referenced that supported the council’s decision making process this evening on the plastic bag ordinance motion. On behalf of the Newport Chapter of Surfrider Foundation, I’d like to respectfully request the following in accordance with Oregon’s public records law and as provided by ORS 192.4201(1).

1) Councilor Sawyer made reference to an email/letter characterized as non-supportive from Thriftway (a regional grocery store) on a plastic bag ordinance. We’d like a copy of that email. We’d be happy to supply the council with our attempted correspondence with Thriftway over the past two months.

2) Reference was made to letters and emails of opposition to drafting an ordinance. We’d like a copy of those emails. If we are to surmount issues or concerns that individuals have with an ordinance, we need to know who they are so we can effectively do outreach with them and discuss their concerns.

3) Reference was made to not hearing any support from Fred Meyer and Safeway (two other regional grocery stores). We’d like documentation on that lack of support, as we worked very hard to gain that support.”

As you can see, it’s a weird situation. One of the key ingredients to running a solid campaign is getting the Grocer’s Association in your area onboard. The opinions of the grocers may vary from region to region, but all the grocery stores referenced in this article have shown support for plastic bag policies. What grocers want, is a model ordinance in each municipality were policy will go on the books.  Why? Because unlike the ACC, they know that it’s dumb to fight the inevitable. This makes their bag distribution easier– a patchwork of ordinances makes them grumpy.  Keep that in mind—

The Ban The Bag Blog is following this story, and we’ll keep you updated as the situation evolves.

Stiv Wilson, Portland Chapter.

Cost Per Plastic Bag To Cleanup: LA Case Study.

Today, I was tagged in a tweet from a fellow ocean lover mentioning Los Angeles’s latest effort to stop trash in the watershed from getting to the ocean. The story, which appears in The Los Angeles Times made my head spin a bit.  It details the problem of Southern California’s litter entering the ocean through drainages and how massive that outflow actually is.  Never mind the incredible amount of trash we’re talking about making its way to the sea, I’m more interested in the costs of preventing it from happening.  These costs are the real doozy. According the article, 16 different cities in Southern California hope is to install mesh screens and such to stop 840,000 pounds of garbage entering the ocean each year. How much does this cost?  A cool 10 million dollars in stimulus money—  now, let’s call the stimulus money tax revenue— (but we know it’s probably borrowed, so we, as taxpayers are paying interest on that amount, too)—  that is, to put it very simply, money that you and I pay to government for public works projects.

But what does this mean?

Let’s start breaking these numbers down into something meaningful:

$10,000,000 divided by 840,000 = $11.90 per one pound of trash to clean out of or prevent from going into a given watershed. Let’s call it $12/a pound for sake of argument.

A plastic bag weighs anywhere from 8 to 60 grams depending on its construction. As an exercise, let’s break this down further.  Again, for the sake of the argument (where we give the plastic bag itself the benefit of the doubt) we’ll keep our estimation of the plastic bag’s weight at the very low end of the scale, eight grams.  There are roughly 453 grams in a pound.  So, if we divide 453 grams by 8 grams (which represents the weight of one plastic bag) we get roughly 57 plastic bags per pound. So now, breaking this down even further, we’ll represent $12.00 as 1,200 pennies.  If it costs us 1,200 pennies to prevent or clean out one pound of garbage, and that garbage is plastic bags, it means per weight that plastic bags cost a significant amount of money to recover per bag.  Dividing 1,200 pennies by 57 (the amount of plastic bags in one pound of garbage) we get a whopping 21 cents per bag of taxpayer money!  Holy Moly!

Granted, there is certainly going to be other plastic and styrofoam products caught, but the intent here, clearly, is to prevent synthetics from entering the sea, not organic material such as wood and plants (or paper bags for that matter). What’s at the crux of this is simple: we’re paying, you and me, to clean up a mess that burdens the commons, made by companies that are not required by law to mitigate their impacts on the environment or our pocket books. That’s not right.

Stiv Wilson, Portland Chapter

WASHINGTON DC’s BAG FEE: Case Study- Part 1

Washington, DC’s 5-cent bag fee has been in effect for almost two years. Proponents of the policy view it as a smashing success and residents anecdotally report a sweeping behavior change. But what is the real data? If you’re going to advocate for bag legislation in your community, you need to have correct information. Information is power, and metrics that substantiate your claim is what wins the debate.  The economic data from DC’s Policy is important to understand and is a model case study that can be extrapolated to other cities.


The Anacostia River is highly polluted and trash is a visual reminder of the many threats it faces. Plastic bags have been a prominent component of that trash, and given the easy alternatives available, a bag ordinance was a logical step to bring attention to the problem, reduce litter, and maybe raise a little money along the way.

The fiscal impact statement accompanying the legislation estimated that DC consumers used 22.5 million bags per month in 2009. It also estimated that the fee would cut bag use in half by the end of the first year, generating $3.5 million.

The first few weeks of 2010 featured numerous news reports of dramatic cuts in bag use–50 to 80 percent fewer bags being used at specific grocery stores. Once stores began submitting their receipts to the Office of Tax and Revenue, the total fees collected ($170,000) indicated only 3 million bags were used in January 2010. That implies an 87% drop in the first month!

Unfortunately the revenue numbers are not an accurate reflection of bag use, because stores are not consistent in charging the fee, though they’re mandated to do so. But from the overall trends, we can see that bags are not being used at the levels they were in 2009.

But back to numbers— the estimates claimed that the fee would generate $3.5 million in the first year. In fact it generated about half that, ending 2010 with just over $2 million. In other words, consumers adapted to the bag fee much more quickly than expected. While critics say it failed to raise the money expected, it’s really a success story–fewer bags used means fewer bags loose in the environment.

The Anacostia River Cleanup Fund has collected approximately $3.1 million through August 2011. Rather than having a learning period at the beginning, and a gradual decline, collections have been fairly consistent over time.  This begs a question– is 5 cents enough of a deterrent?

The District Department of the Environment (DDOE) has shared monthly collections through February 2011, with additional benchmarks in June and August 2011. Charting the monthly data, with averages over the months we missed, shows a fairly smooth line, indicating fairly consistent bag fee collection, even dropping slightly in 2011.

One key event to note is that enforcement began in October 2010. Initially the city’s “bag cop” focused on education–identifying those businesses reported to be in violation and educating them about how and when the fee applies. Ticketing is now underway, with at least 10 businesses fined. DC advocates expect that bag use (and fee collection) will drop further as enforcement continues.

And where is the money going?

All the proceeds of the bag fee, after administration, enforcement, and outreach, are by law to be used for restoring the Anacostia River. This summer DDOE awarded $1.5 million in grants to local organizations for stormwater retention, trash capture, litter education, and stream restoration. Another $800,000 has been used to purchase and distribute reusable bags to those in need, as well as program administration and enforcement.

We know that bag use is lower than expected, and that the fees raised are going to the intended cause. Next time we’ll look at public opinion, and whether the bag fee is really making a difference in the environment.

— Julie Lawson, DC Surfrider Chapter

Cynicism 101: Reusable Bag Scare Tactics.

Scare tactics are a powerful tool, defined as the use of fear to influence the opinions and actions of others towards some specific end. They grab attention and send a quick message that people listen to and remember. But often the message is exaggerated and misinforms the listeners. Dangerous rumors are developed that can be detrimental, especially to environmental campaigns.


Look at the plastic bag industry, an industry that supports the world’s addiction to plastic bags. The world uses approximately 1 million plastic bags per minute, which is not appropriate or acceptable by anyone’s standards. But this means big bucks for the plastic bag supporters. As environmentalists spread the word of this nonsense and try to cleanse our society of excess waste and environmental damage, the plastic industry pushes back hard. We all know this.

In June 2010, just months before California was scheduled to vote on Assembly Bill 1998 that would have banned the use of plastic bags in many grocery stores, the American Chemistry Council went the distance and released a study that declared that bacteria grew at unhealthy levels in reusable bags. Specifically, the study showed that six of the 87 reusable bags analyzed had E. Coli (ironically, the E. Coli was not at  dangerous levels!). Nevertheless, the study made headlines everywhere. California. Canada. Europe. Everyone was listening to a study that only tested 87 bags. How absurd. To top it off, I reviewed the study and found that there is NO statistical data showing if the study is even statistically significant. Isn’t this the one very, very important component of social science?

Also in 2010, a Washington D.C.-based organization called the Center for Consumer Freedom conducted a study on lead in reusable bags sold at big name stores, such as Walgreens and Safeway. The study found that 16 of the 44 bags tested had lead at levels above 100 ppm, the health limit for packaging in most states. Many of the bags were recalled, which led to more headlines.

The hype around both relatively basic and limited studies was detrimental to California passing the state-wide ban on plastic bags. Though the studies were not scientific and shouldn’t have been published in the first place, both scared the public and made many second guess the use of reusable bags. Thanks American Chemistry Council and Center for Consumer Freedom. The American Chemistry Council was obviously campaigning to support plastic bag use. I can’t figure out why the Center for Consumer Freedom conducted the study but the organization has argued against smoking bans. Enough said.

Ironically, the lead study does not list the acceptable bags. I have a feeling that the Northern California Reusable Bag Company Chico Bags would have been on the A list, which would have made the American Chemistry Council frown. The plastic bag industry sued Chico Bags, also in 2010, for unfair competition and false advertisement. Ha. The lawsuit was recently dropped but gained a lot of embarrassing media attention for the plastic industry.

Bottom line, the scare tactics and a bit of bullying by the plastic industry may have worked in 2010  but plastic bag bans continue to pass in U.S. cities. Aspen, Colorado passed a bag ban this month. Sorry plastic bag industry. The public is onto your scare tactics and it’s not going to stop us.

Double Bottom Line:  If you don’t wash your reusable bag, it gets dirty, just like your underwear.  Um, DUH!!!!

Carolynn Box, San Francisco Surfrider

The Bag Is Banned PDX- Thanks, The Sea Turtles.

Well, after four years, it’s finally happened.  The single-use plastic bag is banned in Portland, Oregon— which means, this scene in the street in front of my house, pictured above, is impossible to repeat as of last Saturday. What was the response from the media?  Well, crickets, really.  And where was the American Chemistry Council– nowhere in sight.  This 124 million dollar a year lobbying group for the chemical industry knew they’d been beat by a few dedicated activists (with a 13k budget) who started a grassroots movement that captivated and showcased the political will of Portlanders. All we heard from them was this statement, “This is a threat to the recycling industry,” which is funny, because the recycling industry not only approved the ban, one of their key members actually testified on behalf of the ban in front of city council, when council acted earlier this summer. The Oregonian reported on it (barely) the day before it went into effect and the Register Guard managed a few words, too– and FINALLY they actually noted the ACC lobbied hard on the statewide effort.

Shout out to the Boston Herald for picking it up off the AP wire.  So what does this lack of flurry mean from the media?  Answer:  This isn’t that big a deal. And they’re right, it’s not.  It’s common sense policy with exceptional buy-in from Portland residents.  Even our own Facebook site, BanTheBag, got only one nasty comment which we had to take down because expletives that start with C and F were included in the transmissions (along with one man’s threat to throw all his garbage into the recycling bin now, along with a threat to throw all recycling into the garbage.) Love it! Next up buddy: try peeing up a flagpole or arguing with a sign post and take the wrong way home!  We heart the internet over here at Ban The Bag Blog HQ. It’s where the extremely vulgar and grumpy fringe minority get mean in a lazy, armchair effort that only serves to motivate us more!

We don’t get mean. We exercise our rights of citizens of a representative democracy. And when we win? We try to help the transition. To that end, many activists from the Portland Chapter of the Surfrider Foundation spent Saturday handing out reusable bags all over the city in concert with city officials.  I can say this, at the Walmart on 82nd, people were friendly and willing.  Only one guy there said that he preferred the plastic bags. It was interesting, too, he was dressed in attire that denoted his love for duck hunting. Had we more time, we’d have loved to tell him how devastating plastic pollution is on our estuaries and wetlands, the very places where he presumably hunts.

What’s Next?

Surfrider is committed to pushing an Oregon state ban in next year’s legislative season.  The Northwest Grocers association has signaled their support so as to avoid a patchwork of policies in different municipalities that makes their distribution model difficult.  We agree.  But to get a statewide ban, we needed to get Portland, and we’d also like to see cities like Newport, Eugene and Corvallis pass ordinances. By doing so, we believe this will demonstrate the people’s will to statewide legislators.  City officials are in an exceptional position of power right now—  passing local ordinances will only buoy the statewide efforts next year.  Newport, Oregon, as I write this, is considering a ban as well.

Keep on trucking ocean advocates, we are the change we want to see in the world.

What the Sea Turtles Are Saying

Earlier today, I received a very nice note from OAFEST (Oceanic Association of Endangered Sea Turtles– an ultra-left coast faction of a maritime reptilian lobbying group based in the Pacific Ocean), that has made all the work and sacrifice worthwhile. It read, “Dear Surfrider:  As parents of teenage sea turtles, we are very pleased with Portland’s action. Special thanks to Mayor Adams and his staff for not hiding in their shells on this one.  Parenting is difficult and though we always try to monitor our children’s diet, sometimes even we can’t tell the difference between a jellyfish and a plastic bag, but thanks to the efforts by your activists, you’ve made our lives a little easier! Ban The Bag!”

Thanks OAFEST– I think I can speak for the mayor and all our activists in saying that it’s been our pleasure to work with you.

Top 10 Pieces Of Garbage On Your Beach

I’ve been rummaging through the raw beach cleanup data from the Ocean Conservancy’s International Beach Cleanup Day online database. I feel somewhat fortunate and honored to have access to this data. I am fully aware that many people would be roll their eyes at the idea of me getting so excited over beach litter data. But data is powerful and this data set is particularly powerful.

Ocean Conservancy has a common data collection card that is used all over the world on the annual International Coastal Cleanup Day. Data from each cleanup is entered online, usually by the team that is heading up the cleanup. The program logs details from the number of volunteers to the pounds of litter collected to the types and quantities of litter picked up. The totals are separated and compared, resulting in percentages that definitely make my head spin. The dataset is 25 years old, though the database only shows limited years. I’ve also heard rumors that the data card will be revamped in 2012.

According to the data, over 4% of the beach litter collected in 2010 in the US was plastic straws (also includes plastic stirrers). Almost 10% of the beach litter was plastic lids and caps and at least 6.3% was plastic bottles. 295,424 plastic bags were collected in 2010, representing close to 7% of the total litter picked up. And over 1.2 million cigarette butts were picked up by at least 250,000 volunteers nationwide.  In total, 718,844 pieces of litter, representing almost 277,000 pounds, were removed from America’s beaches.

If you look at the beach data for just California and San Francisco County, the percentages are similar. Cigarette butts are the most common piece of litter. The 2nd and 3rd most common are food containers/wrappers and caps/lids, with plastic bags and plastic bottles follow closely behind.  Other items are plastic straws/stirrers, plastic cutlery, and rope — all plastic.  Of the top ten pieces of trash collected, seven of them are all comprised of plastics.

One of the major challenges with the data is that it is hard to visually display. Below is a picture of 62 straws that I picked up over about a mile stretch of Huntington Beach. You can use this to gauge what 32,124 plastic straws look like, the number of straws picked up in 2010 on International Beach Cleanup Day in California.

62 Plastic Straws picked up at Huntington Beach in California.

Bottom-line, none of us should be using plastic bottles, straws, cups, cutlery, or bags as part of our daily routine. We know this. And it is our responsibility to educate others that they should reduce their plastic footprint too.

With the attempt to better document the plastic found on our local beaches in the Bay Area and spread the anti-plastic movement, I am leading up the expansion of the San Francisco Surfrider Foundation’s current beach cleanup program. Our new beach cleanup program will include documenting and logging the type and quantity of beach litter picked up during each cleanup. Stay tuned.

Carolynn Box, SF Surfrider

Portland Bans the Bag

Portland Bans the Bag from Mayor Sam Adams on Vimeo.

After many years of educating, organizing and solid grassroots activism, on July 21, 2011, Portland City Mayor and Commissioners voted unanimously to ban plastic check out bags in the city of Portland. Showing tremendous leadership on this issue and staying true to his and the council’s resolution last April, Mayor Sam Adams declared this the first small step, in joining with cities across the nation and even countries world wide to promote reusable bags and reduce our consumption of single use plastics. It’s been a long path for the Portland Chapter and the many other organizations who joined this fight. I remember 4 years ago quite distinctly sitting in a room off east burnside with about 5-7 people, who got really motivated to start doing something to Rise Above Plastics. The issue saw through 2.5 executive council terms on the chapter, jumped from 5-7 core chapter organizers to 15-20, activists and supporter engagement jumped from the 100s, to 1000s, to over 10,000. Delayed for a year, the issue went statewide, a bill was drafted and swiftly entered the capitol. Going through a tough session and a strong plastic lobby, the bill failed during the 2011 session and the chapter stayed focus on their original goal for Portland…and Portland BANNED THE BAG!

Senate Fails to Pass Bag Ban – Local Govs Move Forward

After an epic battle against the goliath out-of-state plastic industry’s various misleading ads, scare media and unrealistic recycling solutions campaign, Senate Bill 536, a bill to enact a statewide ban on single use plastic checkout bags died today. The good news is that all of the cities and grassroots support for passing local ordinances in the absence of a statewide ban is now springing into action. In a statement to the Oregonian, Mayor Sam Adams says, “I’m disappointed that a statewide ban won’t be enacted this session. However, I’m committed to moving forward with a local ban on plastic bags in Portland.” And that’s something our full coalition will be working on in many cities throughout the state of Oregon in the coming weeks. By discussing this statewide legislation, Oregonians have become more aware of the environmental and economic impacts created by single use plastic bags. Surfrider Foundation is committed to Rising Above Plastic and would like to thank the tens of thousands of individuals that continue to support this effort as well as the over 500 businesses and many local governments that have stepped up with their own commitments. Attached below is a link to our official press release:

Senate Bill 536 Press Release

Portland Chapter of the Surfrider Foundation. Copyright © 2004–2009. All rights reserved.

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